2013 #4

SCIENTIFIC AND METHODICAL JOURNAL
«PERSONALITY FORMATION» / «OBRAZOVANIE LICHNOSTI»

ISSN 2225-7330

CONTENT ISSUE — 2013, # 4

TO READERS

N.Y. Sinyagina, E.G. Artamonova
Summing up the year. P. 6.

SCIENCE, EDUCATION AND SOCIETY

V.A. Berezina
Healthy lifestyle as a basis for success human activity. P. 8-15.
Abstract
The article describes the problems of preservation and promotion of health as the main value of human life, examines the concepts of «life», «a culture of healthy and safe lifestyle», identifies risk factors for the health of students, including the emphasis on prevention of addictions and HIV infection, the spread of alcoholism and drug addiction. The article also describes the ways of solving the problem.
Key words: health, the value of health, lifestyle, healthy living, health saving competencies, creating a culture of healthy and safe lifestyles.

R.M. Chumicheva, D.V. Vorontsov, I.I. Drozdova, S.R. Saukhat, V.S. Korolkova
The regional specifity of primary HIV and illegal drug use prevention program implemented within educational institutions in southern Russia. P. 16-25.
Abstract
The article describes the substantial and organizational characteristics of the primary HIV and illegal drug use prevention program, implemented within educational institutions in Southern and North-Caucasian Federal districts. The program has been realized in the frame of the Health National Higher-priority Project in 2012. Program’s regional content reflects the characteristics of social and cultural milieu and epidemic trends that differ the South from other regions of Russia. The key difference of HIV epidemic in the South of Russia is the predomination of sexual transmission of HIV (up to 85% of HIV cases with the reported risk factors) and wide implication of women into the epidemics (gender ratio in HIV positive persons is 1:1). This situation drew focus to the sexual education in the regional part of the national HIV prevention program targeting the students. E. Green’s ABC model (2003) was chosen as the cornerstone of regional HIV prevention strategy aimed at promoting three types of sexual behaviour attitudes in students. The faculty HIV prevention training has been based on developing their self-sufficiency in selection of actual topics for core ABC messages, which are both proper to the social milieu and dominant culture and retain the key meaning of the Green’s ABC concept. The article proposes the basic rules of creating such messages for students divided into two main aged groups of under and over 14 years old. The issue of ensuring parental and social support for implementation of the ABC model for HIV prevention in schools is discussed, and the techniques for conducting the focus groups aimed at receiving the parental consent are suggested. The main troubles emerged in the pedagogues and parents interactions during the implementation of HIV prevention program are reviewed to take into account for the improvement of the program in the future.
Key words: primary HIV prevention, sexual education of students, pedagogical techniques, social support of HIV prevention, ABC model of HIV prevention.

T.YBogacheva
Features of higher education and student life in the USA. P. 26-30.
Abstract
This article describes the features of training and higher education in the United States. Using the example of college education, requirements for learning, age and nationality characteristics of students, structure of employment, formal and informal communication in study groups are being reviewed. It is interesting to compare the organization of student life and educational and recreational preferences of the students.
Key words: the mentality, culture, customs and national characteristics and differences, education.

T.Y. Rayfshnayder
The HIV epidemic in the educational system Russian Federation: state policy. P. 31-34.
Abstract
Under UNESCO’s "Education for All" initiative, we conducted research on how to best improve the quality of education for children affected by the HIV epidemic and to provide support for educators and school staff with HIV. This paper will describe the work led by our Centre under the support of the UNESCO office in Moscow, including the "Recommendations for the implementation of the policy regarding HIV infection in the educational system of the Russian Federation" and the regional "Practical recommendations for the implementation of the policy regarding the educational system of Eastern Europe and central Asia countries".
Key words: HIV, AIDS, education system, education policies, UNESCO, education for all, program evaluation.

95 YEARS OF EXTRACURRICULAR EDUCATION

N.Y. Sinyagina
Socio-professional discussion of models and technologies for quality assessment of extracurricular education of children. P. 36-37.

L.G. Loginova
Quality and results in extracurricular education of children: guidelines evaluation. P. 38-42.
Abstract
The paper presents an approach to understanding the specifics of extracurricular education of children. It outlines the key provisions of the conceptual approach to understanding the quality of extracurricular education of children. The main attention is paid to the guidelines for quality assessment.
Key words: quality, alternative, extracurricular education, education services and employment, results, evaluation.

QUESTIONS OF UPBRINGING

E.E. Vyazemskij, E.BEvladova
Formation of the Russian civil identity of the individual student. P. 44-53.
Abstract
The authors consider one of the most pressing problems of the young sovereign state of Russia, the history of which contain no more than 20 years — the formation of personality, self-awareness, civil identity of young Russians students. They note that the common Soviet past to a large extent determines the identity of the older generation of Russians, which for the young people belongs to the historical memory. In this context the conservation of historical memory as the basis of cultural continuity of generations and national civil identity are of particular importance.
Key words: identity (civil, socio-cultural, ethnic, national and political identity), historical consciousness and memory.

V.VKosova
Organization of international interaction between children and youth in a multicultural environment. P. 54-58.
Abstract
The article describes the formation of culture of tolerance and inter-ethnic interaction of children and youth. Attention is paid to the formation of national identity and values of the younger generation in the organization of spiritual and moral, civic and patriotic education. We prove that the implementation of the concept of multicultural education brings children and young people to understand the existence of other ways of life that are just as important and have a right to exist as their own.
Key words: multicultural society, national identity, inter-ethnic cooperation, tolerance, patriotism, national identity, position in life, moral education.

N.N. Riabchenko
Development of international communication culture in pedagogical college students. P. 59-76.
Abstract
The article describes a conducted study, the purpose of which was to find and optimize the ways to build a culture of interethnic communication in the future teachers in a multi-ethnic educational environment of the university. The study's objectives were to identify the pedagogical conditions that promote a culture of interethnic communication in the future teachers, to provide the experimental proof of the effectiveness of these pedagogical conditions, and to develop and test the technology of creating a culture of interethnic communication in the future teachers in multi-ethnic educational environment.
Key words: college students, teachers, inter-ethnic communication, multi-ethnic educational environment, the culture of communication, social and educational issues, pedagogical conditions.

T.YBogacheva
Family club. P. 77-80.
Abstract
Today the questions of "Family Club" are very diverse: Penalties in the family: how not to cross the line? What can cause cruelty? Travelling with children: how to prepare for a flight, what to provide and what to do with a child during the flight?
Key words: punishment of children, cruelty, violence, behavioral disorders, maladjustment, traveling with children, the behavior on long haul flights.

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT: CAPABILITY AND GIFTEDNESS

M.V. Zhirkova
Giftedness as a result of cooperation and the co-creation of teacher and students. P. 82-88.
Abstract
The author addresses the crucial issue of modern Russia — support for gifted children. For the development of a human being in the educational space it is required to rationally, that is consistent with his "self" choose the goals, content, methods, and forms of learning. An important role in the educational process plays cooperation and co-creation of teachers and children that provide the settlement of conflicts and releasing of tension and aggression in the creative team. Great potential in this direction have institutions of extracurricular education, such as the Center for Children's Creativity "Pechatniki".
Key words: giftedness, the self, the educational process, extracurricular education, teacher collaboration and student creativity.

O.SShcherbinina
Social and pedagogical support gifted children. P. 88-92.
Abstract
The necessity for providing social and pedagogical support to gifted children sets us thinking of difficulties and the maintenance of the organization of this process not only in the school system, but also in preschool as the first step of education.
Key words: giftedness, socio-pedagogical support, «risk», the disclosure of abilities, success.

METHODS, INNOVATION, EXPERIENCE

I.V. Pestovskaya
Rehabilitation environment. A new vision of the world. P. 94-99.
Abstract
We are continuing the publication of the magazine’s thematic rubric for the heads and experts of special educational institutions "Rehabilitation of deviant behavior". The paper reveals the importance of rehabilitation environment in re-socialization of children and adolescents with behavioral problems.
Key words: rehabilitation environment, teenager with deviant behavior, communicational conditions, physical condition, professional condition.

S.A. Zholdasbaeva
The organization of polycultural space at boarding school as a condition of development of the sociocultural competency of seniors. P. 100-109.
Abstract
The author considers the issues related to the content and organization of multicultural education, necessity of basic methodological principles development, and the approaches to the formation of communicative person, reveals the issues related to preparing a high school student to living in a multicultural and multiethnic environment. The article shows the possibility of introduction of three language education in the educational process of boarding school for gifted children.
Key words: «polylingual person», «multicultural education»; education; trinity of languages, a free society, communicative competence.

A.BBagdasarova
Culture of international communication and the ways of its formation among youth. P. 110-115.
Abstract
This article discusses the specific of ethno-cultural processes in contemporary Russian society. The author notes that the creation of a culture of interethnic communication among young people is the most important issue in modern society, the solution of which depends largely on the level of inter-ethnic interaction in terms of multi-ethnicity and regional security. The specificity of the work with students in ethnically diverse conditions of the North Caucasus Federal District is demonstrated.
Key words: students, young people, confessions as multi-ethnicity, culture of interethnic communication.

I.E. Koltunov, L.O. Perezhogin, I.O. Schederkina, O.E. Devyatova
Psychotherapy in a group of correction parent-child relationship. P. 116-121.
Abstract
Continue publication begun in the previous issue. The article describes the entire cycle of correction of parent-child relations, aimed at the creation and reconstruction of mutual acceptance and cooperation, understanding, responsiveness and trust in the parent-child pairs.
Key words: children, parents, family, psychotherapy, rehabilitation.

A.I. Podolskji, I.N. Pogozhina
Analysis of the phenomenon of psychological pressure in family relations as the basis of family conflict typology. P. 122-132.
Abstract
Current research of the issues of domestic violence, which provokes the use of various tools of psychological and emotional pressure in family relations, is not systematic in nature. This complicates the use of research results in practice and makes it urgent to create a typology of family situations that result in the use of psychological and emotional pressure on individual members of the family. The article examines the typology of family conflict situations, styles, and tactics of family education, disharmonious unions, roles in the family, and so on.
Key words: family relationships, conflicts, psychological pressure, domestic violence, parental prohibitions, the crises of the family.

STAGES OF GROWTH — CREATIVE SEARCH

«I choose life» — results of the nation-wide contest. P. 134-159.
Abstract
In the previous issue of the journal highlights the results of the All-Russian competition of creative works "I choose life!". The contest was held in late 2012 — early 2013 among Russian adolescents and young people. It was aimed at the formation of a stable positive motivation for a healthy lifestyle, at drawing attention to the problem of socially significant diseases, at the formation of a tolerant attitude towards HIV-positive people and their immediate surroundings. This issue features the winners and participants in the nomination "Essay".

 

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